Monday, March 5, 2012

Electric Space Heaters - Are They Cost Effective?

As winter ends and spring approaches, I wanted to write a quick note about electric space heaters.  In particular, I want to review the costs behind running a few of the ones that we have in our home.

During last year's Thanksgiving holiday weekend, Lowe's had a deal ($50) for this electric "stove" space heater (complete with fake flickering flame!).  We already had these oil-filled radiator electric space heaters in the kids' bedrooms (bought 2 for about $60 each) and I was just looking for something for the master bedroom.

Our home is heated mainly from a central gas unit (we set our thermostats at 74 degrees), however I use the oil-filled heaters to set a more even and consistent temperature in the bedrooms, but only at night and typically when outside temperatures dipped into the 50's and below.

The Honeywell oil-filled units were especially nice due to the digital temperature controls and LCD display of the current ambient room temperature.

The Duraflame heater basically acts (and sounds) like a hair dryer, just blowing air over a heated coil, albeit more quietly.

The main difference between the two heater types, that I've noticed, is that the air doesn't stay as consistently warm with a "blower" based electric heater, as opposed to an oil-based radiator which seems to retain (and thus radiate) heat throughout the air space more effectively.

Anyways, back to the point of this post... I used the Kill-a-Watt energy measurement device to figure out how much energy these heaters used, on the same night (outside temperatures were in the 50's).

I set the Honeywell oil-filled heater to "level 1" (lowest power setting) at 75 degrees and the Duraflame air heater to about halfway (unfortunately, there is no temperature or power settings, just on/off and a power dial).

Over a 12 hour period, the oil-filled radiator consumed about 0.8 kWh per hour, so over the course of 12 hours at 10 cents/kWh, that added up to about $1 for the night.

The air heater consumed about 0.4 kWh per hour, which added up to about $0.50 for the night, using the same time period and price/kWh.

I probably could have turned up the air heater a bit more (than halfway) to make the room feel as comfortable as the oil-filled radiator did, which would most likely have caused the air heater's electricity consumption to go up.  It's rated at 1350 watts, so if I were to run it the whole night at that top setting, it would cost about $1.62, although running it at the max sounds like overkill.

On that note, I've got 2 oil-filled heaters, and running them over the month of January cost us about $60.  Adding the air-heater (about $15), brings the total for electric space heating in my home to about $75.

Central gas heating cost us about $110, which is not too bad in a typical Dallas-area January, but considering how mild it has been this season, I wonder if this could have been better.  Note that this cost is also for all-day heating, not just at night.

What I would love to do (contingent upon the wife's blessing) is to turn off the central gas each night for a month and use only space heaters in the bedrooms.  Then, in another month use only central gas each night and compare the two costs.

Making comparison a bit more difficult, however, is finding the right months that will have very similar weather and follow the same daytime energy usage (TV, lights, laundry, etc.) patterns in both months, so not to skew the results.

Now that it's already March, I'll simply shelve this for some time and revisit this experiment in the late fall this year... try and remind me if you're interested.

4 comments:

  1. This was a good suggestion that you put up here...dude…..hope that it benefits all the ones who land up here. 
    Electrical Wholesalers

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  2. Kill-a-watt is a nice little meter. It measures Volts, Amps, PowerFactor, Watts, VA, KWH and Elapsed Time in use. I got it to survey my house loads for a potential solar system and it performed very well. I could plug a device in to it for a week and figure out what the average power consumption was. I couldn't believe how bad the power factor is on my window swamp cooler.

    Yancy Butler,

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  3. Although Electric space heaters are the best way to warm up the entire space area but they are so expensive as they utilize so much power. That is why wood stoves can be the best option for winters as they help to reduce the electricity bills. The another benefit of wood stove is that they consume very less space so they can be easily fitted anywhere in the house.

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  4. The model number would be very helpful, and the label on the water heater should indicate the amperage and circuit requirements. In US calculations 8kw 220 volt would equate to a minimum 40 amp circuit, however in the UK this may be a little different so for best results please consult with a local electrician who will be able to convert the circuit into UK standards. Be sure to test the internal electrical components, especially the heating elements, because typically when electrical equipment is not functional it is common to cut the connection wires off short to disable wiring of the device.
    Reference: http://www.electricheaters.ie/

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